Are defaults in JDK 8 a form of multiple inheritance in Java?

By | July 13, 2019


A new feature coming in JDK 8 allows you to add to an existing interface while preserving binary compatibility.

The syntax is like

public interface SomeInterface() {
  void existingInterface();
  void newInterface() default SomeClass.defaultImplementation;

This way for all existing implementations of SomeInterface when they upgrade to this new version they don’t all suddenly have compiles errors around newInterface().

While this is neat, what happens when you are implementing two interfaces which both have added a new defaulted method which you did not implement? Let me explain with an example.

public interface Attendance {
   boolean present() default DefaultAttendance.present;

public interface Timeline {
   boolean present() default DefaultTimeline.present;

public class TimeTravelingStudent implements Attendance, Timeline {


// which code gets called?
new TimeTravelingStudent().present();

Has this been defined as part of JDK 8 yet?

I found the Java gods talking about something similar here, but its part of private mailing list and I cannot ask them directly.

See this for more details on how defaults are going to be used in JDK 8 and extending the Collection interface to support lambdas:


The video session to watch is here This is the designer talking about the feature called Virtual Extensions. He also talks about how this doesn’t break backward compatibility.

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